Morgan MS M.1093, f. 57r
Recounted only in the Gospel of Luke (2: 8-20), the Adoration of the Shepherds depicts the moment when an angel appears to a group of shepherds, telling them that Christ has been born in Bethlehem. At first they are frightened, but when they learn that he is a Messiah, they leave their flock to go and worship the newborn Child.
A half-figure of an angel, holding a scroll inscribed “Gloria in excelcis deo” (Glory to God in the highest”), appears in the sky above three shepherds and a shepherdess, catching them unawares during their frolicking. A flock of sheep and a dog surround the shepherds in a verdant landscape with trees, a city visible across the river in the distance. In a foliate and floral margin appears a seated monkey playing bagpipes, mimicking the shepherd engaged in this activity in the miniature.